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Bullying Series – Bullying 101

Identifying, Intervening, Surviving and Preventing Bullying Series:
Part 1

Bullying is happening everywhere and it can happen to anyone. In an effort to protect children, it is important to understand the dangers regarding bullying, cyberbullying, and digital abuse, as well as related indicators, because students often do not report these behaviors.

» 1 in 4 kids will be bullied, and 1 in 5 will be cyberbullied.

» A slightly higher portion of female than of male students report being bullied at school (24% vs. 17%)

» School-based bullying prevention programs decrease bullying by up to 25%

» According to one large study, the following percentages of middle schools students had experienced these various types of bullying: name-calling (44.2 %); teasing (43.3 %); spreading rumors or lies (36.3%); pushing or shoving (32.4%); hitting, slapping, or kicking (29.2%); leaving out (28.5%); threatening (27.4%); stealing belongings (27.3%); sexual comments or gestures (23.7%); e-mail or blogging (9.9%). 4

What is Bullying?

Bullying is defined as repeated, negative, and hostile or aggressive behavior by one or more students with a real or perceived imbalance of power over another student for an extended period of time.

What are the different types of Bullying?

  • Physical
  • Verbal
  • Social isolation
  • Relational aggression
  • Using threats to force compliance
  • Cyberbullying

What is Cyberbullying?

Cyberbullying is threatening, harassing, or aggressive behavior by one or more youth or teens toward another using digital technology such as the Internet or cell phone. Unlike bullying, cyberbullying does not have to be a repeated behavior nor does the behavior need to take place between persons of unequal power.

Cyberbullying can include:

  • Spreading rumors or posting false information
  • Sending harassing messages
  • Posting compromising or manipulated images
  • Persuading others to join in cyberbullying the victim
  • Posting the victim’s private information
  • Bullying others while impersonating the victim

Is Bullying really that bad?

Bullying has become a problem with enormous impact in the US.

  • 13 million students will be bullied in the US this year
  • 160,000 students miss school daily for fear of being bullied
  • 1 out of 4 children are bullied (US Dept. of Justice)
  • Every 7 minutes a child is bullied on a playground
  • Between 50% and 77% of students report having been bullied
  •  Of teachers, 25% see nothing wrong with bullying and consequently intervene in only 4% of bullying incidents
  • 85% of bullying is not responded to appropriately or at all

Cyberbullying has also become a tremendous problem. Whereas victims of bullying can escape the torment, at least for several hours each day, those who are victims of cyberbullying can be targeted by their attackers 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.  A peer one day can become a predator the next day with terrible and tragic consequences.

  • 1 out of 5 children is or will be cyberbullied (US Dept. of Justice)
  • 43% of teens, ages 13 to 17, have experienced cyberbullying in the past year
  • 1 million children were cyberbullied on Facebook during the past year

What is the impact of Bullying?

  • Victims often suffer academically and from long term psychological effects
  • Bullies often go on to commit crimes – former bullies have a 4-fold increase in criminal behavior by age 24
  • Both victims and bullies may later become depressed or even become suicidal
  • After interviewing 41 school shooters in 37 incidents, the Secret Service found that 2/3 had been bullied and their attacks were motivated by a will to seek revenge

The first step in changing this epidemic of social torment is understanding the true depth of its impact on our children. Hopefully, now you have a better understanding of the reality of bullying. There is more to the prevention of bullying than just sharing the definition and in this Identifying, Intervening, Surviving, and Preventing Bullying Series we hope to educate and empower you so that we can protect children and teens.

Additional Resources on Bullying:

Bullying Resources

Cyberbullying Resources

How is Bullying Different in Younger vs. Older Grades

Cyberbullying – When Peers are Predators

Signs Your Child May Be the Target of Bullying

Why Children Become Bullies and Why They Target Certain Kids

Effective Bullying intervention by Adults

Bully Bystander: How and Why Other Students Should Intervene

 

Sources:

1 National Center for Educational Statistics, 2019 

2  National Center for Educational Statistics, 2019

3 McCallion & Feder, 2013 

4 “Bullying and peer victimization at school: Perceptual differences between students and school staff.” School Psychology Review

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